Photographs taken in Nottinghamshire


Annual Reports

Photographs taken by NFG members in Nottinghamshire are presented in three alphabetical galleries:

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Images from 2018 UK Fungus day,

Inocybe salicis Sherwood Forest NNR Notts, National Fungi Day 7-10-2018
A rare Red Data List (RDL) Inocybe found in sandy soil with oak & other br-leaf trees. Not much to distinguish it macroscopically from similar Inocybes, though the bulb at the base of the stem is one such feature. A single. 1st Notts record. Added 5/12/18

Geastrum coronatum Barrow Hills Everton Notts (SK675920) 28-10-2018
A rare RDL species recorded in sandy soil under hawthorn. It has been recorded from here on a previous occasion. The central globe stands on a short stalk within the split rays, the undersides of which tend to accumulate a lot of soil and debris. Added 5/12/18

Pluteus ephebeus Barrow Hills Everton Notts (SK675920) 28-10-2018
A medium to large grey Pluteus recorded on a hardwood stump with oak, hawthorn & birch. It is uncommon in the county with one previous record from Newark in 1999. A visible characteristic is the splitting cap cuticle revealing the pale flesh below. Added 5/12/18

Lepiota echinella 100 Acre Wood nr Worksop (SK610827) 21-10-2018
Growing singly in sandy grassy soil with beech, this is a small rare RDL Lepiota, one of a number with concentric brown scales on the cap and rather reddish brown stems. A week later than this it was also recorded at Barrow Hills Everton as a single specimen in a similar sandy location in grass & herbage. 1st Notts record. Added 5/12/18

Cryptocline taxicola Carlton Wood, Carlton-in-Lindrick Notts (SK582844) 27-9-2018
Seldom recorded coelomycete on fallen yew leaves. Macroscopically similar and commoner, Diplodia taxi has larger 1-septate spores. 1st Notts record. Added 6/11/18

Hebeloma leucosarx NFG Foray at Vicar Water, Clipstone 30-9-2018
A fairly common Hebeloma, but easily confused with similar species. A good field character is the large swollen stem base. Added 6/11/18

Otidea onotica NFG Foray at Vicar Water, Clipstone 30-9-2018
One of the commoner Otidea, Hare’s Ear Fungi, but also perhaps the most striking. Several Notts records for this. Added 6/11/18

Russula graveolens NFG Foray at Vicar Water, Clipstone 30-9-2018
An uncommon Russula often found, as here, with oak. It has a fishy smell and an unusual greenish reaction on the stem with ferrous sulphate. Considered as Near Threatened. A 1st Notts record Added 6/11/18

Skeletocutis carneogrisea NFG Foray at Vicar Water, Clipstone 30-9-2018
A fairly uncommon poroid crust fungus, found here on fallen rotten wood. 2nd Notts record, the last being in 2002 at Blidworth Bottoms. Characterized by the white cottony margins and greyish or whitish pores with flesh-pink flush, or sometimes an ochraceous flesh colour. Added 6/11/18

Arcyria denudata
Amazing picture taken by one of our members Added 15/10/18

Geopora sumneriana with cedars Chilwell garden Nottingham AL 2018-3-24
A cup-shaped ascomycete which splits into rays as it expands and grows in soil specifically beneath cedars. The latter is an almost certain indication of which Geopora you have, as there are other species similar to it. It has been found on about 3 other occasions in Nottingham gardens. Probably prefers light sandy soil. Uncommon. Found by Alison Linton. Added 22/4/18

Colletotrichum dematium Carlton-in-Lindrick garden 27-3-2018
This coelomycete was found while pruning old 'Pink Ice' stems. Its small hairy fruitbodies were near the base of the dead stems. Characteristc are the pointed dark brown hairs and the rather sickle-shaped conidia. Apparently a 1st Notts record, but probably common if looked for. Added 22/4/18

Neonectria fuckeliana Hucknall Notts 22-3-2018
Found growing on a stack of larch logs on an allotment, this ascomycete is nationally uncommon, and even more so in growing on larch. The substrate is usually pine or spruce species, but it has been recorded on other wood too, including rarely on hardwoods. The scarlet fruitbodies, although massed together, are each only 2-4mm and not easy to spot by eye in the seams and cracks of the bark. 39 records on CATE2. 1st Notts record. Added 1/4/18

Trichoderma viride on underside of fallen beech branch Notts 21-2-2018
This green mould is growing on the underside of an old fallen beech branch, but can grow on various substrates including other fungi. It is the asexual or conidial form of Hypocrea schweinitzii, an ascomycete which has not yet been found in the UK. Hypocrea rufa has also been named as the teleomorph or sexual form, but currently on CATE2 and FRDBI it seems to figure as H. schweinitzii. Trichoderma is a very complex and confusing group. Some species, including this one, have fungicidal properties which are used in some commercial enterprises to treat seeds and in protecting commercial mushroom growing. Not uncommon. Inset shows free floating conidia. Added 9/3/18

Trichoglossum fallax asci and paraphyses in mossy grass on sand Ransom Wood Notts 2017-11-29
Earth Tongues are an important feature of fungally rich lawns & grasslands. Geoglossum fallax, while not uncommon or rare is still not often met with in Notts. This is a 3rd county record. The various and several species are not easy to sort, partly because identification relies on the rate of spores turning from hyaline or transparent through to brown; and also the degree of septation or actual number of septa. These can overlap in some species and be variable in others. Added 17/12/17

Hebeloma aestivale cystidia and spores with br-leaf trees Duke's Wood NR Notts 2017-11-21
This mature but slug-eaten specimen is a medium to large species, with viscid cap and non-weeping gills. It is uncommon. Cystidia are narrowly clavate with slightly swollen tips and many of the spores have a loosening perispore i.e. the outer layer of the spore tends to come away from the main body of the spore. This feature can be seen on some of the spores in the photo where the spores seem to have 2 'coats'. The process can start with what looks like a tiny blister on the outer wall of the spore. Ist Notts record. Added 17/12/17

Inocybe calospora basidium and spores in sandy soil Ransom Wood Notts 2017-11-29
An uncommon Inocybe with prickly-scaly reddish-brown cap and fibrous stem of same colour. Sometimes both cap and stem may be scaly. The main characteristic is the subglobose to rather elongate spores with blunt-tipped spines. A category of Inocybe has spores with blunt nodules, but these spores are definitely spiny. Another feature is the presence of 4- and 2-spored basidia on the gills. 1st Notts record. Added 17/12/17

Arrhenia rickenii Bestwood CP Notts on mossy tarmac 2017-11-10
Small grey-brown fungus with rather blunt, often cross-veined gills, growing singly or in small groups in mossy grass or even on mossed hardcore as here. Used to be classed as an Omphalina. Added 17/12/17

Lepiota aspera Brinsley Headstocks 5th November 2017 DM a
Lepiota aspera Brinsley Headstocks 5th November 2017 DM b
Small grey-brown fungus with rather blunt, often cross-veined gills, growing singly or in small group Added 26/11/17

Hemimycena tortuosa Dewdrop bonnet and Chaetosphaerella phaeostroma Dukes Wood Nov-17 RR
Hemimycena tortuosa Dewdrop bonnet. Note the black 'globules' of Chaetosphaerella phaeostroma in the background. Added 26/11/17

Hebeloma hetieri in grassy sand with alders Daneshill Lakes LNR Notts 2017-10-21
Hebeloma hetieri dry cap with fine appressed fibrous scales Daneshill Lakes LNR Notts 2017-10-21
Hebeloma hetieri narrowly clavate & swollen-headed cheilocystidia 2017-10-21
This is one of the flowery-scented Hebelomas once all grouped as Hebeloma sacchariolens. Only fairly recently given its own species name, it has therefore been very seldom recorded as such in the UK, probably previously clumped under the name sacchariolens. The smell is sweetish and elusive and not really very pleasant. The cap is dry rather than viscid like the 'weeping' branch of the genus and has fine appressed fibrous scales more easily seen with a lens. The gills also are more rich reddish-brown in colour than Poison Pie species and the cystidia are narrowly clavate to clublike. Added 08/11/17

Inocybe pusio Carlton-in-Lindrick garden Notts 1-10-2017
An uncommon Inocybe with red-brown cap and lilac tinted stipe. Young gills may also have a faint lilac flush. Usual radially fibrillose caps with slightly sqamulose centre on ageing . Solitary, clustered or in small trooping groups. In br-leaf woodland, parks, gardens, cemeteries etc. Poisonous as are most (all?) Inocybes. Added 12/10/17

Leccinum versipelle Rainworth Heath NR Notts 30-9-2017
A beautiful bolete growing with birch. Can grow to a large size. The black scales on the stipe are typcal of Leccinum species. Added 12/10/17

Scleroderma areolatum Sherwood Forest NNR 9-9-2017
Scleroderma areolatum spores
One of the less commonly seen earthballs, the Leopard Earthball occurs on sandy soil and most commonly under oaks. It is not easy to distinguish from the Scaly Earthball, Scleroderma verrucosum, frequently growing in similar habitat. The tufts of brown scales on Scleroderma areolatum are supposed to be surrounded by whitish rings, but this does not always show clearly. Spore characters are the only reliable way to separate them. Spores are larger with rather longer spines. Not common but widespread in Notts. Added 24/9/17

Piptoporus quercinus Sherwood Forest NNR 9-9-2017
Iconic bracket of Sherwood Forest and of a few other sites nationally with ancient oaks. This young bracket about 15 feet up on a trunk is a little unusual in fruiting as late as the 1st week of September. In the past often overlooked, as it begins its season from June and is beginning to disappear by early autumn. Added 24/9/17

Pseudoboletus parasiticus Sherwood Forest NNR 9-9-2017
An uncommon to rare small to medium bolete, always found on the Common Earthball, Scleroderma citrinum; now believed not to parasitize living earthballs so much as feed on already decaying ones. The earthballs in this picture, however, look in pretty decent condition to me. Always a pleasure to come across this piggyback bolete, which may occur under a variety of trees, but always on the Common Earthball. It has been recorded on 5 sites in Notts. Added 24/9/17

Leucoagaricus badhamii Papplewick Notts 1-9-2017
This is a very uncommon species with only one other Notts record from Eaton Wood NR in 2016. It can fruit as late as November. The chief field character enabling identification is the immediate reddening of the flesh, stem or cap on bruising or handling, the red soon becoming dark blackish brown. It grows under broad-leaf trees. Photo: Lee Scudder. Added 24/9/17

Cortinarius cf firmus in soil with hawthorn at Vicar Water CP Notts 2017-9-10 Added 17/9/17

Pulvinula convexella in damp sandy soil at Vicar Water CP Notts 2017-9-10
Pulvinula convexella spores in asci Added 17/9/17

Inocybe kuthanii Gamston Wood NR Notts 2017-8-31
Inocybe kuthanii chelocystidia
Inocybe kuthanii spores Added 17/9/17

Coprinellus domesticus Carlton Wood NNotts 29-8-2017
Coprinellus domesticus rusty-red ozonium
An inkcap resembling the Glistening Inkcap, Coprinellus micaceus, and like it, growing on woody debris, fallen twigs etc. Unlike it, it is rarely as deeply coloured as C. micaceus, and commonly occurs, as in this picture, in quite pale forms, but always with distinct pointed brown scales especially at the centre. A striking feature of this species is the rusty-red felty mass of fibres (ozonium) from which it often arises. The fibres are not always apparent, as here, unless searched for in the soil below the stem base; and sometimes they may be absent. There are microscopic differences between the two species too. Coprinellus domesticus often occurs singly or in ones and twos, while more often than not Coprinellus micaceus is found in sometimes dense tufts and clusters. Added 17/9/17

Phaeosphaeria eustoma Daneshill Lakes NR NNotts NFG Foray 2016-5-14
Phaeosphaeria eustoma asci and spores
Phaeosphaeria eustoma stem node
Another common ascomycete occurring this time on dead grass or Reedmace stems, especially clustered at the nodes. Spores lie side by side in the asci (biseriate), are more or less crescent shaped, constricted in the centre and 3-septate. Added 11/9/17

Echinosphaeria canescens Daneshill Lakes NR NNotts NFG Foray 2016-5-14
Echinosphaeria canescens hairs and spores
Echinosphaeria canescens ascus
Echinosphaeria canescens ascospores
A 5mm hairy brown ascomycete on damp fallen twigs etc. Not uncommon and occurring throughout the year. Acsospores more or less curved and 3-septate at maturity. The setae or hairs are crowded on the surface, stiff and radiating from it. Added 11/9/17

Tylopilus felleus Thoresby Estate Notts 2017-8-12
Tylopilus felleus stipe
This bolete with pale pore surface becoming light pink later is inedible owing to its bitter taste. The pale brown cap and net covering the stipe together with pinking pores are characteristic, plus, of course, the bitter taste. Frequently found with oaks as here. Added 20/8/17

Boletus luridiformis in grass Thoresby Estate 2017-8-12 JB
Better known to many as B. erythropus, this is a handsome bolete with reddish pore surface, red-brown cap and brownish-yellow, finely red-stippled stipe, all parts blueing rapidly. Often found with beech, but also other br-leaf trees. Photo: John Brown Added 20/8/17

Agaricus xanthodermus var. lepiotoides in grass C-in-L churchyard NNotts 2017-8-16
A scaly version of the smooth-capped Yellow Stainer - in all other respects the same fungus, and now called the same as its standard form: Agaricus xanthodermus var. xanthodermus. All parts bruise yellow especially the cut stipe base, which is the best place to check. The old name above still describes it better. Added 20/8/17

Agaricus campestris var. squamulosus Thoresby Estate Notts
Scaly variety of the Common Field Mushroom, not as frequently seen as the white smooth-capped standard form; now synonymised with that form as A. campestris var. campestris. A lack of cheilocystidia is a main feature separating it from other scaly-capped types. Added 20/8/17

Cantharellus cibarius Chanterelle Thoresby Aug-2017 Added 20/8/17

Volvariella bombycinia Attenborough NR July-17 Added 20/8/17

Annulohypoxylon cohaerens 001 on beech Gamston Wood NR Notts 2017-7-17
Annulohypoxylon cohaerens 002 Gamston Wood NR Notts 2017-7-17
A very small member of this group not exceeding 4-5mm, growing in loose clusters and rarely confluent. It occurs almost always on beech, which is where I've always seen it; occurring occasionally but possibly overlooked. Added 30/7/17

Cortinarius bolaris with beech Cuckney Hay Wood Notts 2016-9-28
In a notoriously difficult genus, this one is easily identified by its red-scaled cap and red & yellowish stem. A rather strawberry-like effect. Found usually with beech as here. Added 30/7/17

Cortinarius damascenus 001 near B-L stump Hannah Park Wood Worksop Notts 2016-10-15
Cortinarius damascenus 002 Hannah Park Wood Worksop Notts 2016-10-15
A very rare Cortinarius (fewer than 10 records nationally) growing around a hardwood stump (beech?). Thanks to its photo in Roger Phillips' book surprisingly easy to identify, and confirmed by the microscopy, and further confirmed by Michael Jordan. Not particularly distinctive macroscopically - the caps are a sort of biscuity-brown becoming more orange in larger specimens, covered in a 'bloom' of fine silvery fibres making them seem paler; the cap edges are long inrolled; young ones with the usual white cortinas. 1st Notts record. Added 30/7/17

Laxitextum bicolor on beech log Eaton Wood NR Notts 2016-11-5 MB
This used to belong with the Stereums but was moved to this genus because spores, cystidia and rather soft feel to the brackets are all different. It seems to be rare, but may be overlooked as it is not very striking to look at. Its brown velvety caps and very pallid brown or grey-buff hymenium bruising brownish are macroscopically unlike Stereum. The photo is Marion's. 1st Notts record. Added 30/7/17

Leucoagaricus badhamii in soil with br-leaf trees, bruising orange, Eaton Wood NR Notts 2016-11-5
A young specimen of an uncommon species with its robust stipe and helmet-like cap, not yet fully opened. The red bruising of the stipe is a useful field character. Found here in soil with various br-leaf trees. 2nd Notts record. Added 30/7/17

Trechispora fastidiosa 001 on beech wood Eaton Wood NR Notts 2016-11-5
Trechispora fastidiosa 002 verrucose spores 2016-11-5
A rare white, tightly attached non-poroid resupinate, spreading over its rotten beech wood substrate. The edges fray out into flattened branches or fingers, sometimes blunt, sometimes pointed. When collected it had no odour, but later developed an unpleasant strong smell not unlike mothballs. It has also been described as like 'old garlic' or the Stinkhorn, but smell is a very subjective thing. The spores are distinctively spiny. Not many records. 1st Notts record. Added 30/7/17

Pezicula houghtonii 001 x20 on dead attached twig of Prunus laurocerasus Carlton Wood NNotts 17-4-2016
Pezicula houghtonii 002 asci & spores in Melzer's x400 17-4-2016
Rare, brown, roughened, disc like ascomycete sessile on a dead attached branch of Prunus laurocerasus (Cherry Laurel). Often clustered on the surface. Characteristically occurring on this host and with rather stout asci and ascospores being 0-3 septate. 1st Notts record.

Discostroma corticola 001 seimatosporium conidial state on dead bramble stem Carlton Wood NNotts 7-4-2016
Discostroma corticola 002 conidia 7-4-2016
A little recorded fungus on dead bramble stems. This is the asexual form of it without asci or ascospores, but having conidia with 3 septa, the septa being very thick-walled . 1st Notts record.

Inocybe inodora 001 in sandy grassy soil with Oak, Sherwood Forest NNR Notts 2016-10-8
Inocybe inodora 002 short cystidia, spores, Sherwood Forest NNR Notts 2016-10-8
A rare single Inocybe in grass with oaks. Very few records. Characterized macroscopically by reddish-brown fibrous cap and somewhat swollen white base to stipe, cap small in relation to stem length; microscopically by the short, rather stout fusoid cystidia. 1st Notts record.

Boeremia hedericola C-in-L footpath Notts 17-4-2016
A good example of a common fungus on ivy leaves, but recorded in Notts for the first time only in 2016. Characterized by coelomycete growth (the tiny black specks) on a round whitened area surrounded by a more or less wide brown ring on the living leaf. Recorded a few times since.

Anthracobia melaloma 001 on burnt stump Foxcovert Plantation NR Notts 2016-11-12
Anthracobia melaloma 002 asci & paraphyses Foxcovert Plantation NR Notts 2016-11-12
Ascomycete on burnt stump, not recorded in Notts since 1956 at Clumber Park, so a good find. Looks rather like a Scutellinia but with brown hair tufts on rims rather than hairs. Nationally scarce to occasional.

Polyporus tuberaster on fallen willow branch Idle Valley NR Notts 2017-4-23
This was a good find and only occasionally recorded in Notts. At first sight a bit like Polyporus squamosus, but with central stem and smaller. Stem base often woolly. The contrast between dark scaly cap and much lighter pores & stem often striking.

Mycena acicula 001 Idle Valley NR Notts 2017-4-23
A delicate small Mycena or Bonnet, fairly common with colour ranging from orange to bright red. Often, as here, found in mossy soil and on woody debris. Finely hispid stipe and rooting base.

Diplodia rubi with Velutarina rufo-olivacea 001 on dead bramble stem Idle Valley NR Notts 20-3-2016
Diplodia rubi conidia 20-3-2016
An uncommon brown ascomycete on old bramble stem. The fruitbodies look rather like tiny ring doughnuts. A Notts 1st record, as are the tiny black fruitbodies present on the same stem, Diplodia rubi, a coelomycete. The latter has more or less oblong 1-septate conidia as pictured.

Exidia plana on fallen sycamore branch Carlton Wood NNotts 2017-6-11
This is microscopically and macroscopically impossible to tell from Exidia glandulosa except by its substrate. E. glandulosa is almost always on oak or hazel. Exidia plana is on other hardwoods but not, apparently, on oak. E. glandulosa is often more turbinate and leaflike while E. plana is often more spreading and effused; but in practice hard to separate in those terms. Both are called "Witches' butter".

Agaricus gennadii 001 C-in-L churchyard Notts with yew 2017-6-7
Agaricus gennadii 002 C-in-L churchyard Notts with yew 2017-6-7
A rare or very seldom recorded Agaricus, looking at first sight like a field mushroom. It is characterized by clavate cheilocystidia and rather larger spores than most others of the genus; but especially by the upwardly directed sheath encasing the stem and arising from the sharply pointed base. The cottony ring at the juncture of the sheath rim and stem is ephemeral. The sheathing structure is rather like a close-fitting volva.

Agaricus bisporus 001 with hawthorn C-in-L churchyard Notts 2017-6-7
Agaricus bisporus 002 with hawthorn C-in-L churchyard Notts 2017-6-7
Agaricus bisporus 003 2-spored basidium 2017-6-7
Another not particularly common Agaricus. It is the wild species from which all our shop mushrooms derive. It is characterized microscopically by its 2-spored basidia, otherwise looking like some other white Agaricus species.

Bertia moriformis on beech,below x30 100 Acre Wood nr Worksop Notts 2017-5-28
This black ascomycete, each one of which is no more than 1-2mm high, favours fallen beech branches or stumps. In a mass, as here, they look, under the lens, like a dish of freshly collected blackberries or mulberries. This makes them easy to identify. Not uncommon on beech.

Agaricus altipes Carlton Wood N.Notts May 2016
Looking rather like the Common Field Mushroom, Agaricus altipes is a rare fungus characterized when fresh by its snow-white cap and stipe, deep salmon-pink gills and, microscopically, by a lack of cheilocystidia. It differs from the Field Mushroom by the pink flush on the stipe; by its habitat, dense woodland; by its occurrence mainly April-July often with Spruce or Yew; and apparently by sometimes having an unpleasant smell, though these had no smell. A 1st Notts record.

Hymenochaete rubiginosa Cuckney Hay Wood September 2016
These striking tough brackets grow mainly on oak, but here on sweet chestnut. They have rich dark brown to black-brown surfaces with thin cream margins; the fresh surface, especially at the margins, has a hispid-velvety texture (lens). The underside is very dark. It is widespread nationally, but common only south of a line from Herefordshire through Warwickshire then south-east to Kent. We have only one other site for it in Notts at Ploughman Wood, where it was last recorded in 2000.

Inocybe obsoleta Sherwood Forest (Forestry Commission section) July 2016
A very rare Inocybe with just over 20 records nationally. It is characterized by its brown more or less conical cap with radially disposed, separated fibres, splitting margins and a whitish veil covering the whole surface not just at the inrolled edges. Microscopically it has no pleurocystidia and hyaline, thin-walled, clavate cheilocystidia. Here, in dry soil under sweet chestnut. A 1st Notts record.

Pholiota flammans Cuckney Hay Wood September 2016
This Scalycap with remarkably golden-yellow coloration deserves its English name, having coarse upturned scales plentiful on cap and stipe. It grows on conifer stumps and branches. Nationally widespread, though probably more commonly encountered from Durham northwards into Scotland. In Notts we have 6 records from Clumber Park, Haywood Oaks and Cuckney Hay Wood.