Photographs taken by NFG members in Nottinghamshire are presented in three alphabetical galleries:
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Some of our more recently uploaded photos are in a Recents gallery,
Photos can be opened directly on PhotoBase by clicking on the image name.
Trichoglossum fallax asci and paraphyses in mossy grass on sand Ransom Wood Notts 2017-11-29
Earth Tongues are an important feature of fungally rich lawns & grasslands. Geoglossum fallax, while not uncommon or rare is still not often met with in Notts. This is a 3rd county record. The various and several species are not easy to sort, partly because identification relies on the rate of spores turning from hyaline or transparent through to brown; and also the degree of septation or actual number of septa. These can overlap in some species and be variable in others.
Hebeloma aestivale cystidia and spores with br-leaf trees Duke's Wood NR Notts 2017-11-21
This mature but slug-eaten specimen is a medium to large species, with viscid cap and non-weeping gills. It is uncommon. Cystidia are narrowly clavate with slightly swollen tips and many of the spores have a loosening perispore i.e. the outer layer of the spore tends to come away from the main body of the spore. This feature can be seen on some of the spores in the photo where the spores seem to have 2 'coats'. The process can start with what looks like a tiny blister on the outer wall of the spore. Ist Notts record.
Inocybe calospora basidium and spores in sandy soil Ransom Wood Notts 2017-11-29
An uncommon Inocybe with prickly-scaly reddish-brown cap and fibrous stem of same colour. Sometimes both cap and stem may be scaly. The main characteristic is the subglobose to rather elongate spores with blunt-tipped spines. A category of Inocybe has spores with blunt nodules, but these spores are definitely spiny. Another feature is the presence of 4- and 2-spored basidia on the gills. 1st Notts record.
Tubaria romagnesiana cystidia and spores in sandy grass Ransom Wood 2017-11-29
This species is so like the common Tubaria furfuracea, that it may well be overlooked and reckoned to be that species. It is seldom recorded at any rate and there are well under 100 records on each of the two national databases. The features that distinguish it are the shorter and narrower spores and the cystidia with subcapitate to capitate cystidia. The spores require careful measuring as the difference can be as little as half to 1 micron and some overlap possible in length. A 3rd Notts record.
Arrhenia rickenii Bestwood CP Notts on mossy tarmac 2017-11-10
Small grey-brown fungus with rather blunt, often cross-veined gills, growing singly or in small groups in mossy grass or even on mossed hardcore as here. Used to be classed as an Omphalina.
Lepiota aspera Brinsley Headstocks 5th November 2017 DM a
Lepiota aspera Brinsley Headstocks 5th November 2017 DM b
Small grey-brown fungus with rather blunt, often cross-veined gills, growing singly or in small group
Hemimycena tortuosa Dewdrop bonnet and Chaetosphaerella phaeostroma Dukes Wood Nov-17 RR
Hemimycena tortuosa Dewdrop bonnet. Note the black 'globules' of Chaetosphaerella phaeostroma in the background.
Hebeloma hetieri in grassy sand with alders Daneshill Lakes LNR Notts 2017-10-21
Hebeloma hetieri dry cap with fine appressed fibrous scales Daneshill Lakes LNR Notts 2017-10-21
Hebeloma hetieri narrowly clavate & swollen-headed cheilocystidia 2017-10-21
This is one of the flowery-scented Hebelomas once all grouped as Hebeloma sacchariolens. Only fairly recently given its own species name, it has therefore been very seldom recorded as such in the UK, probably previously clumped under the name sacchariolens. The smell is sweetish and elusive and not really very pleasant. The cap is dry rather than viscid like the 'weeping' branch of the genus and has fine appressed fibrous scales more easily seen with a lens. The gills also are more rich reddish-brown in colour than Poison Pie species and the cystidia are narrowly clavate to clublike.
Inocybe pusio Carlton-in-Lindrick garden Notts 1-10-2017
An uncommon Inocybe with red-brown cap and lilac tinted stipe. Young gills may also have a faint lilac flush. Usual radially fibrillose caps with slightly sqamulose centre on ageing . Solitary, clustered or in small trooping groups. In br-leaf woodland, parks, gardens, cemeteries etc. Poisonous as are most (all?) Inocybes.
Leccinum versipelle Rainworth Heath NR Notts 30-9-2017
A beautiful bolete growing with birch. Can grow to a large size. The black scales on the stipe are typcal of Leccinum species.
Scleroderma areolatum Sherwood Forest NNR 9-9-2017
Scleroderma areolatum spores
One of the less commonly seen earthballs, the Leopard Earthball occurs on sandy soil and most commonly under oaks. It is not easy to distinguish from the Scaly Earthball, Scleroderma verrucosum, frequently growing in similar habitat. The tufts of brown scales on Scleroderma areolatum are supposed to be surrounded by whitish rings, but this does not always show clearly. Spore characters are the only reliable way to separate them. Spores are larger with rather longer spines. Not common but widespread in Notts.
Piptoporus quercinus Sherwood Forest NNR 9-9-2017
Iconic bracket of Sherwood Forest and of a few other sites nationally with ancient oaks. This young bracket about 15 feet up on a trunk is a little unusual in fruiting as late as the 1st week of September. In the past often overlooked, as it begins its season from June and is beginning to disappear by early autumn.
Pseudoboletus parasiticus Sherwood Forest NNR 9-9-2017
An uncommon to rare small to medium bolete, always found on the Common Earthball, Scleroderma citrinum; now believed not to parasitize living earthballs so much as feed on already decaying ones. The earthballs in this picture, however, look in pretty decent condition to me. Always a pleasure to come across this piggyback bolete, which may occur under a variety of trees, but always on the Common Earthball. It has been recorded on 5 sites in Notts.
Leucoagaricus badhamii Papplewick Notts 1-9-2017
This is a very uncommon species with only one other Notts record from Eaton Wood NR in 2016. It can fruit as late as November. The chief field character enabling identification is the immediate reddening of the flesh, stem or cap on bruising or handling, the red soon becoming dark blackish brown. It grows under broad-leaf trees. Photo: Lee Scudder.
Cortinarius cf firmus in soil with hawthorn at Vicar Water CP Notts 2017-9-10 Added 17/9/17--
Pulvinula convexella in damp sandy soil at Vicar Water CP Notts 2017-9-10
Pulvinula convexella spores in asci Added 17/9/17--
Inocybe kuthanii Gamston Wood NR Notts 2017-8-31
Inocybe kuthanii chelocystidia
Inocybe kuthanii spores Added 17/9/17--
Coprinellus domesticus Carlton Wood NNotts 29-8-2017
Coprinellus domesticus rusty-red ozonium
An inkcap resembling the Glistening Inkcap, Coprinellus micaceus, and like it, growing on woody debris, fallen twigs etc. Unlike it, it is rarely as deeply coloured as C. micaceus, and commonly occurs, as in this picture, in quite pale forms, but always with distinct pointed brown scales especially at the centre. A striking feature of this species is the rusty-red felty mass of fibres (ozonium) from which it often arises. The fibres are not always apparent, as here, unless searched for in the soil below the stem base; and sometimes they may be absent. There are microscopic differences between the two species too. Coprinellus domesticus often occurs singly or in ones and twos, while more often than not Coprinellus micaceus is found in sometimes dense tufts and clusters.
Phaeosphaeria eustoma Daneshill Lakes NR NNotts NFG Foray 2016-5-14
Phaeosphaeria eustoma asci and spores
Phaeosphaeria eustoma stem node
Another common ascomycete occurring this time on dead grass or Reedmace stems, especially clustered at the nodes. Spores lie side by side in the asci (biseriate), are more or less crescent shaped, constricted in the centre and 3-septate.
Echinosphaeria canescens Daneshill Lakes NR NNotts NFG Foray 2016-5-14
Echinosphaeria canescens hairs and spores
Echinosphaeria canescens ascus
Echinosphaeria canescens ascospores
A 5mm hairy brown ascomycete on damp fallen twigs etc. Not uncommon and occurring throughout the year. Acsospores more or less curved and 3-septate at maturity. The setae or hairs are crowded on the surface, stiff and radiating from it.
Tylopilus felleus Thoresby Estate Notts 2017-8-12
Tylopilus felleus stipe
This bolete with pale pore surface becoming light pink later is inedible owing to its bitter taste. The pale brown cap and net covering the stipe together with pinking pores are characteristic, plus, of course, the bitter taste. Frequently found with oaks as here.
Boletus luridiformis in grass Thoresby Estate 2017-8-12 JB
Better known to many as B. erythropus, this is a handsome bolete with reddish pore surface, red-brown cap and brownish-yellow, finely red-stippled stipe, all parts blueing rapidly. Often found with beech, but also other br-leaf trees. Photo: John Brown
Agaricus xanthodermus var. lepiotoides in grass C-in-L churchyard NNotts 2017-8-16
A scaly version of the smooth-capped Yellow Stainer - in all other respects the same fungus, and now called the same as its standard form: Agaricus xanthodermus var. xanthodermus. All parts bruise yellow especially the cut stipe base, which is the best place to check. The old name above still describes it better.
Agaricus campestris var. squamulosus Thoresby Estate Notts
Scaly variety of the Common Field Mushroom, not as frequently seen as the white smooth-capped standard form; now synonymised with that form as A. campestris var. campestris. A lack of cheilocystidia is a main feature separating it from other scaly-capped types.
Cantharellus cibarius Chanterelle Thoresby Aug-2017 Added 20/8/17
Volvariella bombycinia Attenborough NR July-17 Added 20/8/17
A very small member of this group not exceeding 4-5mm, growing in loose clusters and rarely confluent. It occurs almost always on beech, which is where I've always seen it; occurring occasionally but possibly overlooked. Added 30/7/17
In a notoriously difficult genus, this one is easily identified by its red-scaled cap and red & yellowish stem. A rather strawberry-like effect. Found usually with beech as here. Added 30/7/17
A very rare Cortinarius (fewer than 10 records nationally) growing around a hardwood stump (beech?). Thanks to its photo in Roger Phillips' book surprisingly easy to identify, and confirmed by the microscopy, and further confirmed by Michael Jordan. Not particularly distinctive macroscopically - the caps are a sort of biscuity-brown becoming more orange in larger specimens, covered in a 'bloom' of fine silvery fibres making them seem paler; the cap edges are long inrolled; young ones with the usual white cortinas. 1st Notts record. Added 30/7/17
This used to belong with the Stereums but was moved to this genus because spores, cystidia and rather soft feel to the brackets are all different. It seems to be rare, but may be overlooked as it is not very striking to look at. Its brown velvety caps and very pallid brown or grey-buff hymenium bruising brownish are macroscopically unlike Stereum. The photo is Marion's. 1st Notts record. Added 30/7/17
A young specimen of an uncommon species with its robust stipe and helmet-like cap, not yet fully opened. The red bruising of the stipe is a useful field character. Found here in soil with various br-leaf trees. 2nd Notts record. Added 30/7/17
A rare white, tightly attached non-poroid resupinate, spreading over its rotten beech wood substrate. The edges fray out into flattened branches or fingers, sometimes blunt, sometimes pointed. When collected it had no odour, but later developed an unpleasant strong smell not unlike mothballs. It has also been described as like 'old garlic' or the Stinkhorn, but smell is a very subjective thing. The spores are distinctively spiny. Not many records. 1st Notts record. Added 30/7/17
Rare, brown, roughened, disc like ascomycete sessile on a dead attached branch of Prunus laurocerasus (Cherry Laurel). Often clustered on the surface. Characteristically occurring on this host and with rather stout asci and ascospores being 0-3 septate. 1st Notts record.
A little recorded fungus on dead bramble stems. This is the asexual form of it without asci or ascospores, but having conidia with 3 septa, the septa being very thick-walled . 1st Notts record.
A rare single Inocybe in grass with oaks. Very few records. Characterized macroscopically by reddish-brown fibrous cap and somewhat swollen white base to stipe, cap small in relation to stem length; microscopically by the short, rather stout fusoid cystidia. 1st Notts record.
A good example of a common fungus on ivy leaves, but recorded in Notts for the first time only in 2016. Characterized by coelomycete growth (the tiny black specks) on a round whitened area surrounded by a more or less wide brown ring on the living leaf. Recorded a few times since.
Ascomycete on burnt stump, not recorded in Notts since 1956 at Clumber Park, so a good find. Looks rather like a Scutellinia but with brown hair tufts on rims rather than hairs. Nationally scarce to occasional.
This was a good find and only occasionally recorded in Notts. At first sight a bit like Polyporus squamosus, but with central stem and smaller. Stem base often woolly. The contrast between dark scaly cap and much lighter pores & stem often striking.
A delicate small Mycena or Bonnet, fairly common with colour ranging from orange to bright red. Often, as here, found in mossy soil and on woody debris. Finely hispid stipe and rooting base.
An uncommon brown ascomycete on old bramble stem. The fruitbodies look rather like tiny ring doughnuts. A Notts 1st record, as are the tiny black fruitbodies present on the same stem, Diplodia rubi, a coelomycete. The latter has more or less oblong 1-septate conidia as pictured.
This is microscopically and macroscopically impossible to tell from Exidia glandulosa except by its substrate. E. glandulosa is almost always on oak or hazel. Exidia plana is on other hardwoods but not, apparently, on oak. E. glandulosa is often more turbinate and leaflike while E. plana is often more spreading and effused; but in practice hard to separate in those terms. Both are called "Witches' butter".
A rare or very seldom recorded Agaricus, looking at first sight like a field mushroom. It is characterized by clavate cheilocystidia and rather larger spores than most others of the genus; but especially by the upwardly directed sheath encasing the stem and arising from the sharply pointed base. The cottony ring at the juncture of the sheath rim and stem is ephemeral. The sheathing structure is rather like a close-fitting volva.
Another not particularly common Agaricus. It is the wild species from which all our shop mushrooms derive. It is characterized microscopically by its 2-spored basidia, otherwise looking like some other white Agaricus species.
This black ascomycete, each one of which is no more than 1-2mm high, favours fallen beech branches or stumps. In a mass, as here, they look, under the lens, like a dish of freshly collected blackberries or mulberries. This makes them easy to identify. Not uncommon on beech.
Looking rather like the Common Field Mushroom, Agaricus altipes is a rare fungus characterized when fresh by its snow-white cap and stipe, deep salmon-pink gills and, microscopically, by a lack of cheilocystidia. It differs from the Field Mushroom by the pink flush on the stipe; by its habitat, dense woodland; by its occurrence mainly April-July often with Spruce or Yew; and apparently by sometimes having an unpleasant smell, though these had no smell. A 1st Notts record.
These striking tough brackets grow mainly on oak, but here on sweet chestnut. They have rich dark brown to black-brown surfaces with thin cream margins; the fresh surface, especially at the margins, has a hispid-velvety texture (lens). The underside is very dark. It is widespread nationally, but common only south of a line from Herefordshire through Warwickshire then south-east to Kent. We have only one other site for it in Notts at Ploughman Wood, where it was last recorded in 2000.
A very rare Inocybe with just over 20 records nationally. It is characterized by its brown more or less conical cap with radially disposed, separated fibres, splitting margins and a whitish veil covering the whole surface not just at the inrolled edges. Microscopically it has no pleurocystidia and hyaline, thin-walled, clavate cheilocystidia. Here, in dry soil under sweet chestnut. A 1st Notts record.
This Scalycap with remarkably golden-yellow coloration deserves its English name, having coarse upturned scales plentiful on cap and stipe. It grows on conifer stumps and branches. Nationally widespread, though probably more commonly encountered from Durham northwards into Scotland. In Notts we have 6 records from Clumber Park, Haywood Oaks and Cuckney Hay Wood.